Do You Enjoy Our National Wildlife Refuges?

by Larry Jordan on January 22, 2013

Do you enjoy our National Wildlife Refuges? Did you know that our national wildlife refuges are home to more than 700 types of birds, 220 varieties of mammals, 250 kinds of reptiles and amphibians, 1,000 species of fish and countless invertebrates and plants. They provide havens for some 280 endangered species, from the Florida panther to the polar bear1.

The nation’s National Wildlife Refuge System has grown to include 556 national wildlife refuges encompassing more than 150 million acres with at least one refuge in every U.S. state and territory.

This weekend our local Audubon group scheduled an outing to the Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge, the main refuge of the Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex.

It was a gorgeous day spent with some excellent experienced birders as well as some folks brand new to birding. We observed 62 species at the refuge this day, some of which I photographed (click on photos for full sized images).

This photo of a White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys) foraging on the frosty tundra was taken just after sunrise.

White-crowned Sparrow

I am showing these birds in the order in which I took the photos. You will probably notice the difference in the lighting as the sun rose higher in the sky and the weather warmed up.

One of the first treats I received was a flock of at least 500 White-faced Ibis (Plegadis chihi) which flew directly overhead as they left the refuge for some of the surrounding agricultural fields. There were a few that remained and I was able to catch them preening in the early morning sun.

White-faced Ibis

There were many Red-tailed Hawks (Buteo jamaicensis) seen on the refuge this day. This juvenile (note yellow iris and striped tail) was perched in a tree overlooking the marshes.

Red-tailed Hawk

A bit further along the auto tour road I spotted a few male Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), many others would be seen in the company of females along the elevated grassy areas.

Ring-necked Pheasant

There were also a large number of Western Meadowlarks (Sturnella neglecta) foraging in the grass along the road.

Western Meadowlark

Of course, nearly the entire time, Greater White-fronted Geese (Anser albifrons) were calling out as they flew over.

Greater White-fornted Goose

There were the diminutive Ross’s Geese (Chen rossii)…

Ross's Goose

and several Ruddy Ducks (Oxyura jamaicensis) along the way…

Ruddy Duck Drake

as well as this beautiful Black Phoebe (Sayornis nigricans) that was busy hawking insects from several different perches along the pond edges.

Black Phoebe

Less than half way around the auto tour there is a viewing platform where this Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus) seemed intent on viewing me!

Red-shouldered Hawk

Further along the auto route I saw not one, but two, Peregrine Falcons (Falco peregrinus) in the cottonwood trees on the eastern side of the refuge.

Peregrine Falcon

On the second trip around the auto tour I spotted an immature Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata) along the canal…

Common Moorhen

and a few Tundra Swans (Cygnus columbianus) hiding among the Snow Geese

Tundra Swan

Back at the viewing platform there was a one-eyed Northern Shrike and this Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula) which must have been a female since we never saw a ruby crown.

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Northern Shovelers (Anas clypeata) were everywhere,

Northern Shovelers

and Snowy Egrets as well as Great Egrets (Ardea alba) were plentiful.

Great Egret

We also spotted more Bald Eagles (Halliacetus leucocephalus) than we had ever seen at this refuge.

Bald Eagle

So I ask you again, do you enjoy our National Wildlife Refuges? National Wildlife Refuges have been underfunded since President Theodore Roosevelt created the first refuge in 1903 and Congress refused to appropriate money to manage  it. Without adequate funding, habitats are not restored, invasive species are left unchecked, poaching and other illegal activities occur and our nation’s wildlife suffers1.

America’s National Wildlife Refuge System is the world’s largest network of protected areas dedicated to wildlife conservation. For more than a century, the refuge system has been integral to bringing species such as the whooping crane back from the brink of extinction. Each year, tens of millions of people visit and enjoy national wildlife refuges in every U.S. state and territory, infusing nearly $1.74 billion into local economies and creating more than 32,500 U.S. jobs2.

Would you like to be part of creating an additional income stream for our National Wildlife Refuge System? If you haven’t heard of our proposal for a Wildlife Conservation Stamp, please check out our new website where we will be promoting a plan to get an alternative stamp issued to increase revenue for our refuges.

We are looking for bird enthusiasts, photographers, bloggers, biologists, hikers, conservationists, wildlife rehabilitators, scientists, teachers, artists and anyone else with a common passion and concern for our nation’s wildlife and wild habitats to join us in encouraging our legislators to create an alternative to the Duck Stamp for non-consumptive users of the wildlife refuges.

If this sounds like a great idea to you, providing a consistent source of income for our refuges, separate but parallel to the current Federal Duck Stamp program, please send me an email with a short bio and a photo (at least 150 x 150 pixels) to place on our “About Us” page. We will keep you updated on our progress in this endeavor and entertain suggestions on the best way to implement our proposal.

I hope to hear from you soon! In the meantime, here is a list of the species seen this day at Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge:

  • Pied-billed Grebe
  • Eared Grebe
  • Double-crested Cormorant
  • American White Pelican
  • Ruddy Duck
  • Tundra Swan
  • Greater White-fronted Goose
  • Snow Goose
  • Ross’s Goose
  • American Wigeon
  • Gadwall
  • Green-winged Teal
  • Mallard
  • Northern Pintail
  • Cinnamon Teal
  • Northern Shoveler
  • Ring-necked Duck
  • Bufflehead
  • Snowy Egret
  • Great Blue Heron
  • Great Egret
  • White-faced Ibis
  • Turkey Vulture
  • White-tailed Kite
  • Bald Eagle
  • Northern Harrier
  • Cooper’s Haw
  • Red-shouldered Hawk
  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Peregrine Falcon
  • Ring-necked Pheasant
  • Common Gallinule
  • American Coot
  • Long-billed Dowitcher
  • Black-necked Stilt
  • American Avocet
  • Killdeer
  • Herring Gull
  • Great Horned Owl
  • Downy Woodpecker
  • Black Phoebe
  • Common Raven
  • Loggerhead Shrike
  • Hermit Thrush
  • European Starling
  • Marsh Wren
  • Bushtit
  • Tree Swallow
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet
  • House Sparrow
  • American Pipit
  • House Finch
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler
  • Song Sparrow
  • White-crowned Sparrow
  • Golden-crowned Sparrow
  • Dark-eyed Junco
  • Savannah Sparrow
  • California Towhee
  • Red-winged Blackbird
  • Western Meadowlark
  • Brewer’s Blackbird

References: 1National Wildlife Refuge Association, 2Defenders of Wildlife

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{ 10 comments… read them below or add one }

Eileen January 23, 2013 at 2:11 am

Larry, what a great day of birding. I love visiting the wildlife refuges. You have an awesome list of birds there. And your photos are all beautiful. Great post! Happy Birding!


Jennifer January 23, 2013 at 7:15 am

Wow! What a great variety of birds!


TexWisGirl January 23, 2013 at 7:19 am

you had a great full day of birding there. beautiful shots of beautiful birds of all kinds.


Anni @ I'd Rather B Birdin January 23, 2013 at 10:49 am

Larry….outSTANDing images. All of great birds. Wow…this is one amazing day you had on your outing. Yes, to answer your questions, I do like refuges and parks — they’re a very much desired place to visit and go shooting…with a lens that is.

Excellent. And I do feel a need to apologize for not visiting with you last week, as the days progressed it got more hectic for me with a home project. But, I made sure I came here this week, and I’m glad I did. I wouldn’t have wanted to miss this post. Also, thanks for the info on the female/male mating ‘horn’ on the white pelicans. You’re always such a helpful blogger/birder!!


Gail January 23, 2013 at 1:26 pm

A peregrine falcon? Really!? Wow, I am simply amazed at all the different varieties of birds you saw. Excellent photography here along with a wealth of information. I am thinking of joining the local Audubon Society.


Wally January 23, 2013 at 2:05 pm

Larry, what a nice day you had! Great photographs! I’m very jealous of your Peregrine! I chase but I never find. 🙁

The refuges are among my favorite places to visit!


Hanne Bente January 23, 2013 at 10:36 pm

Great image series showing 🙂


Stewart M January 24, 2013 at 2:06 am

Thats a good day – would love to see even a handful of these birds.

My albatross were not really seen on a pelagic trip – you could see the coast all the time we were out – you just need to be in Tasmania!

Cheers and thanks for the link to WBW.

Stewart M – Melbourne


Mary Howell Cromer January 24, 2013 at 11:46 am

Gee Larry, my goodness, there are so many birds and every one of your images are outstanding! I would never be able to choose my faves, but of course I certainly love the Red-Shouldered Hawk and the other Raptors as well as songbirds, shorebirds. Magnificent series, and yes, we love Wildlife Refuges~


Sam Brunson January 24, 2013 at 4:19 pm

Great pics! It sounds like you had a great day birding!

National Wildlife Refuges are amazing. The primary place that I bird is a NWR and I find them priceless.


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